- A total of 1312 cattle’s were tested on the dairy herd level, of which 16 (1.2%) were positive for Escherichia coli O157: H7, and a total of four dairy cattle farm was found to be positive for E. coli O157:H7.
- At slaughterhouse level 4% (CI95 2.8-5.7%) of the hide samples taken from the brisket area were found to be positive for E. coli O157:H7.
- Combinations of STEC virulence genes stx2a + eae, stx1a stx2a + eae ja stx2a + eae were determined among isolates obtained from slaughterhouse level, which points to their high potential to cause severe illness in humans.
- In total of 12 (40%) E. coli O157:H7 isolates from the slaughterhouse level were resistant against one or more antimicrobials.
- At the meat cutting level, all 188 beef samples tested were negative for E. coli O157: H7.
- Pseudopodzolic soils (denoted on soil maps by a code LP) have been elected by Estonian Soil Science Society for the year 2018 soil of Estonia.
- By the WRB (2015) these soils may be characterized as Fragic Stagnic Glossic Retisols (Abruptic, Siltic/Loamic, Humic).
- For the dominating textures of the Pseudopodzolic soils are loamy and silty loamy sands on moraine origin loams.
- For the dominating humipedon types of Pseudopodzolic soils in forests are fresh and moist moders, but on arable lands the umbric type humus horizons.
- Pseudopodzolic soils have the highest productivity among whole Estonian forest soils and among South Estonian arable soils.
- The main constraints in using of Pseudopodzolic soils in quality of arable lands are (i) accumulation temporarily of perched water into the topsoil, (ii) low content of humus and calcium in the humipedon, and (iii) the formation of plow pan under the humus horizons.
- Additional feeding of oats (220 g per ewe for 45–60 days before lambing and 300 g per ewe during 45 days after lambing) in forage-based feeding increased the ewes body condition score (BCS) at 130–140 day of pregnancy and on the 45–60th suckling day, but did not affect BCS of ewes at the end of experiment (at weaning).
- Production traits (LBA, LBW, L100DW), nor ewes blood glycose and β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) concentrations at the 130–140 day of pregnancy and 7–10 days after lambing were not affected by supplementation of oat to ewes' diet.
- Ewe blood glycose concentration was on 130–140 day of pregnancy 76.8 mg dl-1 in experimental group (with oat supplementation) and 76.7 mg dl-1 in control group (without oat supplementation), β-hydroxybutyrate concentration was respectively 0.51 mmol l-1 and 0.72 mmol l-1 (p=0.35).
- Foliar application of Tecamin flower® played a role in alleviating negative impact of water deficit, and improved plant growth, yield and CWUE.
- Plant irrigated at 100% level had the largest number fruit per plant, yield per plant, total yield and minimum leaf proline content, compared with other treatment.
- Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum from the Solanaceae family) is an important, popular and nutritious vegetable all over the world. It plays a vital role in providing a substantial quantity of vitamins C, A and lycopene in human diet, and is also an effective anti-oxidant exhibiting high quenching ability for singlet oxygen.
- Plant irrigated at 100% had the highest value of number fruit (35.27 fruit), most yield per plant (3.53 kg), total yield (94.02 t ha-1) and minimum leaf proline content (2.557 mg g-1).
- The highest CWUE (84.50 kg m-3) were at 50% level.
- Plant treated at 2.5 mL L-1 Tecamin flower® had most fruit/plant (37.61) yield per plant (3.73 kg), total yield (99.16 t ha-1), CWUE (85.22 kg m-3) and minimum leaf proline content (2.437 mg g-1).
- In vitro mass propagation of Anoectochilus formosanus is important tool to support development of the plant commercially
- Each accession of the A. formosanus has specific response and behavior in in vitro culture
- Establishment of initial culture affected by explant types, accession responses and culture media were a critical point for A. formosanus.
- Each step of the in vitro culture needed specific culture medium.