2019 * XXX * 2

CONTENTS

DIRECT LINK
http://agrt.emu.ee/pdf/contents/2019_2_contents.pdf

RESEARCH ARTICLES

Saad Enad Harfoush Aldulaimy1, Adil Khairullah Salman2, Mohammed Ali Abood3, Ghassan Jaafar Hamdi4
INFLUENCE OF MOISTURE DEPLETION AND SURFACE DRIP IRRIGATION STYLE ON SOME SOIL HYDRAULIC PROPERTIES AND POTATO CROP
63–68
Abstract
INFLUENCE OF MOISTURE DEPLETION AND SURFACE DRIP IRRIGATION STYLE ON SOME SOIL HYDRAULIC PROPERTIES AND POTATO CROP
Saad Enad Harfoush Aldulaimy1, Adil Khairullah Salman2, Mohammed Ali Abood3, Ghassan Jaafar Hamdi4

1Department of Soil Science and Water Resources, College of Agriculture, University of Anbar, Anbar, Iraq
2Institute of Geoecology, Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany
3Department of Soil Science and Water Resources, College of Agriculture, University of Diyala, Diyala, Iraq
4Department of Horticulture and Landscape, College of Agriculture, University of Diyala, Iraq
This study aimed to determinate the impact of soil moisture depletion and surface drip irrigation style on some soil hydraulic properties such as infiltration, hydraulic conductivity, application efficiency, and water use efficiency for the potato crop. A field experiment was carried out in a site located northeast Ramadi, Iraq. The study consists of two factors: the first factor was two levels of moisture depletion percentages 25 and 50%, while the second factor includes two surface drip irrigation styles, which were traditional surface drip irrigation and partial drying surface drip irrigation. Consumptive use for potato plant reached 32.05 cm during the growing season. Results showed a significant influence on the treatments on application and water use efficiencies as well as on infiltration and soil hydraulic conductivity. The combination of the treatments partial drying drip irrigation style and 25% moisture depletion percentage can be recommended to achieve the best irrigation management for potato plant, which improves soil hydraulic properties and meets the best plant response in the same time.
Keywords: Solanum tuberosum, water deficit, water consumption use, water use efficiency, yield, drought, trickle, infiltration.
Source: Agraarteadus, 2019, 30(2):63–68
doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.15159/jas.19.09

Print

HOW TO CITE
Aldulaimy, S.E.H., Salman, A. K., Abood, M.A., Hamdi, G.J. 2019. Influence of moisture depletion and surface drip irrigation style on some soil hydraulic properties and potato crop. Agraarteadus, 30(2):63–68. doi: 10.15159/jas.19.09.
 
AUTHOR CONTACT
1Department of Soil Science and Water Resources, College of Agriculture, University of Anbar, Anbar, Iraq
2Institute of Geoecology, Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany
3Department of Soil Science and Water Resources, College of Agriculture, University of Diyala, Diyala, Iraq
4Department of Horticulture and Landscape, College of Agriculture, University of Diyala, Iraq


 
Highlights: 
  • Moisture depletion improve irrigation water management in arid regions by testing a new practice for drip irrigation to achieve best soil moisture condition.
  • We can conclude that partial drip irrigation style led to improve the studied parameters including application efficiency, infiltration and water use efficiency compared with traditional drip irrigation as well as the 25% depletion percent, had a positive influence in soil hydraulic parameters and plant response compared with 50% soil available moisture depletion percentage.
  • This technique increases the chance for the soil to hold most of the applied water in the root zone and minimize losses by deep percolation and runoff.
  • The partial drying for soil surface caused decreasing in soil bulk density and increase porosity as compared with their values before planting which caused improvement in soil structure.

Štefan Bojnec1, Imre Fertő2,3
AGRI-FOOD COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES BY VALUE CHAINS BEFORE AND AFTER ENLARGEMENT TOWARDS THE EAST
69–77
Abstract
AGRI-FOOD COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES BY VALUE CHAINS BEFORE AND AFTER ENLARGEMENT TOWARDS THE EAST
Štefan Bojnec1, Imre Fertő2,3

1University of Primorska, Faculty of Management, Cankarjeva 5, SI-6101 Koper, Slovenia
2Institute of Economics, Centre for Regional and Economic Studies, Lorand Eotvos Research Network, Tóth K. u. 4, H-1097 Budapest, Hungary
3Kaposvár University, Guba Sándor u. 4, H-74000 Kaposvár, Hungary
To identify the European Union (EU) member states strong exports sectors and food chains, the revealed comparative advantage indices from trade data were calculated using the total global trade as the benchmark of comparison. The empirical results show that the level and patterns in the development of the revealed comparative advantage indices for agri-food products for each of the EU countries in the global markets were mixed. The most successful EU member states in agri-food export competitiveness in global markets were the Netherlands, France, and Spain. Differences between the EU member states were also identified for the main agri-food product groups. Latvia, Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania, and Luxembourg were the five EU countries that competed most successfully in global grain markets. In terms of fruit and vegetable produce exports Greece, Cyprus, Spain, Lithuania, and Bulgaria were the most competitive EU countries in world markets. With respect to global dairy markets Denmark, Luxembourg, Latvia, Ireland, and the Netherlands achieved the largest export advantages, although strong export competitiveness was evident for almost all of the EU member states in the global dairy markets. Cyprus, Bulgaria, Ireland, Hungary, and Denmark revealed significant export advantages in global meat markets. New EU-member states, particularly Bulgaria and Latvia, achieved high export advantages in the global markets for the select product groups.
Keywords: agri-food export competitiveness, European Union, revealed comparative advantage index.
Source: Agraarteadus, 2019, 30(2):69–77
doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.15159/jas.19.10

Print

HOW TO CITE
Bojnec, Š., Fertő, I. 2019. Agri-food comparative advantages in the European Union countries by value chains before and after enlargement towards the East. Agraarteadus, 30(2):69–77. doi: 10.15159/jas.19.10.
 
AUTHOR CONTACT
1University of Primorska, Faculty of Management, Cankarjeva 5, SI-6101 Koper, Slovenia, e-mail: ,
2Institute of Economics, Centre for Regional and Economic Studies, Lorand Eotvos Research Network, Tóth K. u. 4, H-1097 Budapest, Hungary, e-mail:
3Kaposvár University, Guba Sándor u. 4, H-74000 Kaposvár, Hungary
 
Highlights: 
  • Analysis of revealed comparative advantages for agri-food value chains in the European Union (EU) countries.
  • Global agri-food exports as a benchmark of comparisons.
  • Four value chains: grain, fruit and vegetables, dairy and meat products.
  • The EU enlargement towards the East was of limited effect for the EU agri-food export competitiveness in global markets.
  • Mixed results on levels and patterns of export competitiveness.

Volodymyr Bulgakov1, Volodymyr Nadykto2, Serhiy Kyurchev2, Viktor Nesvidomin1, Semjons Ivanovs3, Jüri Olt4
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND FOR INCREASING GRIP PROPERTIES OF WHEELED TRACTORS BASED ON THEIR RATIONAL BALLASTING
78–84
Abstract
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND FOR INCREASING GRIP PROPERTIES OF WHEELED TRACTORS BASED ON THEIR RATIONAL BALLASTING
Volodymyr BulgakoSv1, Volodymyr Nadykto2, Serhiy Kyurchev2, Viktor Nesvidomin1, Semjons Ivanovs3, Jüri Olt4

1National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine, 15 Heroyiv Oborony Str., UA 03041 Kyiv, Ukraine
2
Tavria State Agrotechnological University, 18B, Khmelnytsky Ave, UA72310 Melitopol, Zaporozhye Region. Ukraine
3
Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, 2 Liela Street, LV-3001 Jelgava, Latvia
4
Estonian University of Life Sciences, Institute of Technology, 56 Kreutzwaldi, 51006 Tartu, Estonia
The correct selection of the level of mechanical ballasting for wheeled tractors is among the most important issues for increasing their utilisation efficiency, in particular, increasing their grip properties. The shortcoming of the earlier undertaken investigations was that they virtually did not take into account the allowed maximum pressure of the tractor’s wheels on the soil. At the same time, little attention was paid to the impact of the maximum load-carrying capacity of the wheel tyres. The aim of the paper is to eliminate these deficiencies. Because of the authors’ efforts, the new technique has been developed, which differs in that it employs the requirement of the tyre’s ecofilic properties. The implementation of this requirement implies setting the maximum allowed level of the tractor wheels’ pressure on the soil and taking into account the maximum load-carrying capacity of the wheel tyres as well as the vertically applied load on each of the tractor’s axes under the simultaneous action of both the horizontal and vertical components of the tractive resistance of the employed agricultural implement. The practical effectiveness of the new approach is shown by the example of determining the possibility and level of ballasting the specific wheeled tractor operating as part of a ploughing unit.
Keywords: tractor, ballast, wheel load, tire.
Source: Agraarteadus, 2019, 30(2):78–84
doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.15159/jas.19.07

Print

HOW TO CITE
Bulgakov, V., Nadykto, V., Kyurchev, S., Nesvidomin, V., Ivanovs, S., Olt, J. 2019. Theoretical background for increasing grip properties of wheeled tractors based on their rational ballasting. Agraarteadus, 30(2):78–84. doi: 10.15159/jas.19.07
 
AUTHOR CONTACT
1National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine, 15 Heroyiv Oborony Str., UA 03041 Kyiv, Ukraine
2
Tavria State Agrotechnological University, 18B, Khmelnytsky Ave, UA72310 Melitopol, Zaporozhye Region. Ukraine
3
Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, 2 Liela Street, LV-3001 Jelgava, Latvia
4
Estonian University of Life Sciences, Institute of Technology, 56 Kreutzwaldi, 51006 Tartu, Estonia


 

Highlights: 
  • Improving operational efficiency of wheeled tractors by means of increasing their grip properties can be achieved through the correct selection of the level of their mechanical ballasting.
  • Solving the problem of ballasting wheeled tractors it is suggested to take as the basis the condition of the ecofilic properties of the tyre.
  • For example, if a tractor with an operating weight of about 8700 kg and the maximum allowable tyre pressure on the soil of 160 kPa unitised with a plough is used, the maximum allowable ballast load on the engine unit may not exceed 39% of its weight.

Abel Feleke1, Guta Regasa2, Mequanent Muche2,3
FACTORS INFLUENCING ADOPTION OF IMPROVED POTATO (BELETE) VARIETY: EVIDENCE FROM ETHIOPIAN SMALLHOLDER FARMERS
85–92
Abstract
FACTORS INFLUENCING ADOPTION OF IMPROVED POTATO (BELETE) VARIETY: EVIDENCE FROM ETHIOPIAN SMALLHOLDER FARMERS
Abel Feleke1, Guta Regasa2, Mequanent Muche2,3

1Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Southern Ethiopia
2Jimma University, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Ethiopia
3Addis Abeba University, College of Development Studies, Ethiopia
Improving the adoption of improved crop varieties is very important to increase income, reduce hunger, sustain food security, and to reduce poverty in sub-Saharan Africa like Ethiopia. Similarly, Belete potato variety is one of the improved varieties that have been utilized by Ethiopian farmers, but this variety was not conjointly adopted in all parts of the country. Thus, this research was intended to analyze factors influencing rural farmers' decision for the adoption of improved potato varieties in Southern Ethiopia. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected from primary and secondary sources. To select the sample respondents, two-stage sampling techniques were employed and finally, 146 households' heads were selected. To get the data survey question­nai­res, interview schedules, Focused Group Discussions, observations and key informant interviews were employed. To analyze the data, both descriptive statistics and econometric model were employed. Accordingly, the econometric model indicated that family labour, access to fertilizer, access to credit service, frequency of extension contacts, participation in training and field day, and educational level were positively and significantly influenced the adoption of Belete potato adoption, however, the market distance was influenced negatively. Therefore, this result implies that researchers, policymakers, extension service providers and other concerned bodies should be given attention to increasing the adoption of improved Belete potato variety.
Keywords: factors, adoption, belete potato variety, logistic regression model, Ethiopia.
Source: Agraarteadus, 2019, 30(2):85–92
doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.15159/jas.19.17

Print

HOW TO CITE
Feleke, A., Regasa, G., Muche, M, 2019. Factors influencing adoption of improved potato (Belete) variety: evidence from Ethiopian smallholder farmers . Agraarteadus, 30(2):85–92. doi: 10.15159/jas.19.17
 
AUTHOR CONTACT
1Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Southern Ethiopia
2Jimma University, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Ethiopia
3Addis Abeba University, College of Development Studies, Ethiopia


 
Highlights: 
  • Among the agricultural sectors potato production is one that plays a crucial role in the livelihoods of the Ethiopian people.
  • The main factors affecting Belet potato adoption include: family labor, access to fertilizer, access to credit service, frequency of extension contacts, participation in training and field day, market distance and educational level of households.
  • The government and other stakeholders should support Belete potato producing farmers.

Margit Olle
REVIEW: VERMICOMPOST, ITS IMPORTANCE AND BENEFIT IN AGRICULTURE
93–98
Abstract
REVIEW: VERMICOMPOST, ITS IMPORTANCE AND BENEFIT IN AGRICULTURE
Margit Olle

Estonian Crop Research Institute, J. Aamissepa 1, 48309 Jõgeva alevik, Estonia
Vermicomposting is described as "bioxidation and stabili­zation of organic material involving the joint action of earthworms and mesophilic micro-organisms". Under appropriate conditions, worms eat agricultural waste and reduce the volume by 40 to 60%. Vermicompost produced by the activity of earthworms is rich in macro and micro­nutrients, vitamins, growth hormones, enzymes such as proteases, amylases, lipase, cellulase and chitinase and immobilized microflora. The enzymes continue to disintegrate organic matter even after they have been ejected from the worms. Reduced use of water for irrigation, reduced pest attack, reduced termite attack, reduced weed growth; faster rate of seed germination and rapid seedlings growth and development; greater numbers of fruits per plant (in vegetable crops) and greater numbers of seeds per year (in cereal crops) are only some of the beneficial effects of the vermicompost usage in agricultural production. Earthworms and vermicompost can boost horticultural production without agrochemicals. In spite of the benefits associated with vermicompost, its use is not widespread yet. This review attempts as increasing awareness of this local soil amendment.
Keywords: agriculture, growth, nutrient content, vermicompost, yield.
Source: Agraarteadus, 2019, 30(2):93–98
doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.15159/jas.19.19

Print

HOW TO CITE
Olle, M. 2019. Review: Vermicompost, its importance and benefit in agriculture. Agraarteadus, 30(2):93–98. doi: 10.15159/jas.19.19
 
AUTHOR CONTACT
Estonian Crop Research Institute, J. Aamissepa 1, 48309 Jõgeva alevik, Estonia

 
Highlights: 
  • Vermicompost produced by the activity of earthworms is rich in macro and micronutrients, vitamins, growth hormones, enzymes such as proteases, amylases, lipase, cellulose and chitinase and immobilized microflora.
  • Vermicompost is optimal organic manure for better growth and yield of many plants.
  • Vermicompost can increase the production of crops and prevent them from harmful pests without polluting the environment.
  • Application of vermicompost increased growth and improved plants nutrient content and improved the quality of the fruits and seeds.

Margit Olle
SHORT COMMUNICATION: THE EFFECT OF SILICON ON THE ORGANICALLY GROWN LEAF LETTUCE GROWTH AND QUALITY
99–102
Abstract
SHORT COMMUNICATION: THE EFFECT OF SILICON ON THE ORGANICALLY GROWN LEAF LETTUCE GROWTH AND QUALITY
Margit Olle

Estonian Crop Research Institute, J. Aamissepa 1, 48309 Jõgeva alevik, Estonia
The purpose was to assess the effect of silicon on the leaf lettuce production. The experiments in the greenhouse were carried out in the spring 2014 at the Estonian Crop Research Institute. Treatments: 1) stabilized silicic acid treatment; 2) control. Si treatment (2 mL L–1 of silicic acid): First spray, when 1 true leaf was present; second spray was two weeks after spray 1; third spray was two weeks after spray 2. The pH of spray solution was 5.5. pH of spray solution was 5.5. Control plants were treated with water. The plants were 26% higher in Si variant. The width of leaf lettuce was 32% larger in Si variant. In leaf lettuce the phosphorus content was 14% higher, the content of calcium was 32% higher, the content of magnesium was 12% higher in Si variant than in control.
Keywords: growth, leaf lettuce, nutrients, silicon, quality.
Source: Agraarteadus, 2019, 30(2):99–102
doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.15159/jas.19.08

Print

HOW TO CITE
Olle, M. 2019. Short Communication: The effect of silicon on the organically grown leaf lettuce growth and quality. Agraarteadus, 30(2):99–102. doi: 10.15159/jas.19.08
 
AUTHOR CONTACT
Estonian Crop Research Institute, J. Aamissepa 1, 48309 Jõgeva alevik, Estonia

 
Highlights: 
  • Silicon promoted the growth of lettuce plants and improved its nutritional quality, by increasing phosphorus, calcium and magnesium contents in the leaves of lettuce.

Mary Oluwaseun Olumide-Oyaniyi, Adedayo Olufemi Ajayi
DETERMINANTS OF TRAINING NEEDS OF YOUTHS IN BROILER CHICKEN PRODUCTION IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA AND IMPLICATIONS FOR EXTENSION WORKERS
103–116
Abstract
DETERMINANTS OF TRAINING NEEDS OF YOUTHS IN BROILER CHICKEN PRODUCTION IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA AND IMPLICATIONS FOR EXTENSION WORKERS
Mary Oluwaseun Olumide-Oyaniyi, Adedayo Olufemi Ajayi

Obafemi Awolowo University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
This study identified the factors influencing the training needs of youth in broiler chicken production and drew implications for extension workers in Osun State, Nigeria. Data were collected from 221 youth farmers through a purposive sampling procedure and a snowball sampling technique. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation, regression and factor analytical techniques. Findings reveal that 43.4% of the respondents were between the ages of 26 and 30 years, 26.7% were between the ages of 31 and 35 years, 19.0% were above 36 years of age while 10.9% of the respondents were less than 25 years of age. Majority (60.2%) of the respondents were males while others 39.8% were females. In addition, 40.7% of the respondents had at least three years of broiler chicken production experience, 34.8% had four to six years of experience, 17.6% had seven to nine years of experience and the remaining 6.8% had more than 10 years of broiler chicken production experience. In addition, vast Majority 86.0% of the respondents raise below 200 birds at the time of this research, 8.1% raise between 201 and 300 birds, 5.0% raised above 401 birds while the remaining 0.9% of the respondents raised between 301 and 400 birds. Furthermore, majority (60.2%) of the respondents have not received any training in poultry farming in the past one year while 39.8% of respondents received training between two to five times in the past one year. In addition, respondents were highly in need of training in five standard practices involved in broiler chicken production, which are: growing management / daily routine management, poultry housing, marketing of birds, litter management and equipment. Two groups of factors; income factors (33.2%) and training related factors (21.0%) that were isolated contributed 54.2% to the training needs of youth in broiler chicken production in Osun State, Nigeria.
Keywords: determinants, training, training needs, youth farmers, broiler chicken production, extension workers.
Source: Agraarteadus, 2019, 30(2):103–116
doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.15159/jas.19.18

Print

HOW TO CITE
Olumide-Oyaniyi, M.O., Ajayi, A.O. 2019. Determinants of training needs of youths in broiler chicken production in Osun state, Nigeria and implications for extension workers. Agraarteadus, 30(2):103–116. doi: 10.15159/jas.19.18
 
AUTHOR CONTACT
Obafemi Awolowo University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Phone: +234 803 770 6237
 
Highlights: 
  • This study identified the factors influencing the training needs of youth in broiler chicken production and drew implications for extension workers in Osun State, Nigeria.
  • It also examines the youth’s levels of knowledge and skill in broiler chicken production.
  • Youth have been considered in this study because of the significant roles they play in broiler chicken production and ensuring food security, they are innovative and energetic, and all these characteristics were exploited to identify their training needs so as to ensure higher productivity and income in broiler chicken production.
  • Extension workers should give priorities to the identified training needs of youth farmers in the design and implementation of training for them. This is ethical and will allow them to participate fully in the training program.

Creative Commons License

Published 12-25-2019